AskDefine | Define belch

Dictionary Definition

belch n : a reflex that expels wind noisily from the stomach through the mouth [syn: belching, burp, burping, eructation]

Verb

1 expel gas from the stomach; "In China it is polite to burp at the table" [syn: burp, bubble, eruct]
2 become active and spew forth lava and rocks; "Vesuvius erupts once in a while" [syn: erupt, extravasate]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Verb

  1. To expel gas loudly or rudely from the stomach through the mouth.
    • In Arabia, it is considered a compliment to the host to belch after a fine meal.

Synonyms

Translations

expel gas from the stomach through the mouth

Related terms

Noun

  1. The sound one makes when belching.

Synonyms

Translations

sound one makes when belching

Extensive Definition

Burping, also known as belching, ructus, or eructation, involves the release of gas from the digestive tract (mainly esophagus and stomach) through the mouth. It is usually accompanied with a typical sound and, at times, an odor.

Physiology

Burping is typically caused by eating or drinking too fast, and thereby swallowing (aerophagia) and subsequently expelling air, in which the expelled gas is a mixture of nitrogen and oxygen. Burps can also be caused by imbibing carbonated drinks such as beer, soft drinks, or champagne, in which case the expelled gas is carbon dioxide from the drink itself. Common diabetes drugs metformin and Byetta can cause burping, especially at higher doses. This often resolves in a few weeks. Burping combined with other symptoms such as dyspepsia, nausea, and heartburn may be a sign of an ulcer or hiatal hernia, and should be reviewed by a physician.
The sound of burping is caused by the vibration of the cardia (esophageal sphincter) as the gas passes through it. The current Guinness world record for the loudest burp is 118.1 dB, set by Paul Hunn from London, England in 2000. (This would be noticeably louder than a chainsaw at a distance of 1 meter.)

Social context and etiquette

In many parts of the world, audible burping is not much appreciated and is therefore considered to be somewhat impolite (although generally not as much as flatulence). However, in other areas it can be considered a sign of completion of a meal or a form of applause for the cook. Sometimes, children and teenagers engage in burping activities such as contests to determine who can produce the loudest burp, the longest burp, the most guttural burp, the burping of words, songs, or even the alphabet.

Infant burping

Babies are particularly subject to accumulation of gas in the stomach whilst feeding, and this can cause considerable agitation to the child unless it is burped. The act of burping an infant involves placing the child in a position conducive to gas expulsion (for example holding the infant up to the adult's shoulder, with the infant's stomach resting on the adult's chest) and then lightly patting it on the lower back so that he or she burps.
Because burping can cause vomiting in infants, the burp cloth or burp pad is sometimes employed on the shoulder to protect the adult's clothing.

"Burped" speech

It is possible to voluntarily induce burping through swallowing air and then expelling it, and by manipulation of the vocal tract produce burped speech.
While this is often employed as a means of entertainment or competition (such as burping the alphabet), it can also act as an alternative means of vocalisation for people who have undergone a laryngectomy, with the burp replacing laryngeal phonation. This is known as esophageal speech.

In animals

Many other mammals, such as cattle, dogs, and sheep also burp. In the case of ruminants, the gas expelled is actually methane produced as a byproduct of the animal's digestive process. Anaerobic organisms such as Escherichia coli (E. coli) and methanogenic archaea produce this effect. An average cow is thought to emit between 542 litres (if located in a barn) and 600 litres (if in a field) of methane per day through burping and exhalation, making commercially farmed cattle a major contributor to the greenhouse effect. 95% of this gas is emitted through belching. This has led scientists at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation of Perth, Australia, to develop an anti-methanogen vaccine to minimize methane in cattle burps.
Some fish are also known to expel air from their gills; here the burp is produced by gas being expelled from the gas bladder.

References

External links

belch in Danish: Bøvs
belch in German: Rülpsen
belch in Spanish: Eructo
belch in French: Éructation
belch in Scottish Gaelic: Brùchd
belch in Italian: Eruttazione
belch in Hebrew: גיהוק
belch in Lithuanian: Raugulys
belch in Dutch: Boer (geluid)
belch in Japanese: げっぷ
belch in Norwegian: Rap (fysiologi)
belch in Polish: Bekanie
belch in Portuguese: Arroto
belch in Russian: Отрыжка
belch in Finnish: Röyhtäily
belch in Swedish: Rapning

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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